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Toffolo Michael

GIFIdEx Junior Research Chair

Contact :
Phone : +33 (0)5 57 12 46 81 page :

Research themes
- Microarchaeology, geoarchaeology, environmental archaeology, site-formation and post-depositional processes, diagenesis
- Foraging strategies and interactions with the environment of archaic modern humans in southern Africa
- Ancient pyrotechonology
- Neolithic lime plaster production
- Radiocarbon dating of carbonates in wood ash and lime plaster/mortar
- Calcite-aragonite polymorphism
- Iron Age chronology of the Mediterranean
- Use of space in Bronze and Iron Age tell sites of the Levant

Present research projects
- "Accurate radiocarbon dating of archaeological lime plaster (PI Michael Toffolo, 2017-2020), funded by IdEx Bordeaux (ANR-10-IDEX-03-02)

- "Geoarchaeology of a Middle Stone age paleo-landscape in the central interior of South Africa : paleoenvironments and foraging practices during the transition to behavioral modernity" (collaborator ; PI Christopher Miller, University of Tübingen, 2018-2021), funded by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (MI 1748/4-1)

Education and professional appointments
2015-2016 : Alexander von Humboldt Postdoctoral fellow at the Institute for Scientific Archaeology, University of Tübingen (Germany).
2014 : Postdoctoral fellow at the Florisbad Quaternary Research Department, National Museum Bloemfontein (South Africa).
2009-2014 : PhD in Archaeology from Tel Aviv University (Israel), Department of Archaeology and Ancient Near Eastern Civilizations.
2009-2013 : Visiting PhD student at the Weizmann Institute of Science (Israel), Kimmel Center for Archaeological Science.
2006-2009 : MA in Archaeology from University of Padua (Italy), Department of Archaeology.
2008 : Exchange student at Boston University (USA), Department of Archaeology.
2003-2006 : BA in Archaeology from University of Padua (Italy), Department of Archaeology.

Professional memberships
American Chemical Society
European Society for the study of Human Evolution
International Union of the Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences
Paleoanthropology Society
Society for Archaeological Sciences

Associate editor of Archaeological and Anthropological Sciences


Peer-reviewed articles

Toffolo M. B., Ricci G., Caneve L., Kaplan-Ashiri I. : Luminescence reveals variations in local structural order of calcium carbonate polymorphs formed by different mechanisms. Scientific Reports 9 : 16170.

Toffolo M. B., Brink J. S., Berna F. : Microstratigraphic reconstruction of formation processes and paleoenvironments at the Early Pleistocene Cornelia-Uitzoek hominin site, Free State Province, South Africa. Journal of Archaeological Science : Reports 25 : 25-39.

Scott L., van Aardt A. C., Brink J. S., Toffolo M. B., Ochando J., Carrión J. S. : Palynology of Middle Stone Age spring deposits in grassland at the Florisbad hominin site, South Africa. Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology 265 : 13-26.

Toffolo M. B., Regev L., Dubernet S., Lefrais Y., Boaretto E. : FTIR-based crystallinity assessment of aragonite–calcite mixtures in archaeological lime binders altered by diagenesis. Minerals 9 (2) : 121.

Toffolo M. B., Ritchie M., Sellers I., Morin J., Lyons N., Caldwell M., Albert R. M., Letham B., Berna F. : Combustion features from short-lived intermittent occupation at a 1300-year-old Coast Salish rock shelter, British Columbia : The microstratigraphic data. Journal of Archaeological Science : Reports 23 : 646-661.

Toffolo M. B., Berna F. : Infrared Absorption Spectroscopy (IR, FTIR, DRIFT, ATR). In Lopez-Varela S. L. (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences. Wiley : 1-4.
Toffolo M. B. : Microarchaeology. In Lopez-Varela S. L. (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Archaeological Sciences. Wiley : 1-4.

Toffolo M. B., Martin M. A. S., Master D. M., Boaretto E. : Microarchaeology of a grain silo : insights into stratigraphy, chronology and food storage at Late Bronze Age Ashkelon, Israel. Journal of Archaeological Science : Reports 19 : 177-188.

Barbieri A., Leven C., Toffolo M. B., Hodgins G. W. L., Kind C. J., Conard N. J., Miller C. E. : Bridging prehistoric caves with buried landscapes in the Swabian Jura (Southwestern Germany). Quaternary International 485 : 23-43.

Toffolo M. B., Ullman M., Caracuta V., Weiner S., Boaretto E. A 10,400-year-old sunken lime kiln from the Early Pre-Pottery Neolithic B at the Nesher-Ramla quarry (el-Khirbe), Israel. Journal of Archaeological Science : Reports 14 : 353-364.

Toffolo M. B., Brink J. S., van Huyssteen C., Berna F. A microstratigraphic reevaluation of the Florisbad spring site, Free State Province (South Africa) : formation processes and paleoenvironment. Geoarchaeology 32 (4) : 456-478.

Toffolo M. B., Regev L., Mintz E., Poduska K. M., Shahack-Gross R., Berthold C., Miller C. E., Boaretto E. Accurate radiocarbon dating of archaeological ash using pyrogenic aragonite. Radiocarbon 59 (1) : 231-249.

Xu B., Toffolo M. B., Boaretto E., Poduska K. M. Assessing local and long-range structural disorder in aggregate-free lime binders. Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research 55 : 8334-8340.

D’Andrea A. C., Fahmy A. G., Perry L., Richards M. P., Darcus L., Toffolo M., Attia E. S. A. E. Ancient agricultural economy in the Horn of Africa : new evidence from grinding stones and stable isotopes. Atti della Società dei Naturalisti e Matematici di Modena 146 (Supplement) : 155-157.

Xu B., Toffolo M. B., Regev L., Boaretto E., Poduska K. M. Structural differences in archaeologically relevant calcite. Analytical Methods 7 : 9304-9309.

Toffolo M. B., Brink J. S., Berna F. Bone diagenesis at the Florisbad spring site, Free State Province (South Africa) : implications for the taphonomy of the Middle and Late Pleistocene assemblages. Journal of Archaeological Science : Reports 4 : 152-163.

Toffolo M. B., Boaretto E. Nucleation of aragonite upon carbonation of calcium oxide and calcium hydroxide at ambient temperatures and pressures : a new indicator of fire-related human activities. Journal of Archaeological Science 49 : 237-248.

Toffolo M. B., Arie E., Martin M. A. S., Boaretto E., Finkelstein I. Absolute chronology of Megiddo, Israel in the Late Bronze and Iron Ages : high-resolution radiocarbon dating. Radiocarbon 56 (1) : 221-244.

Toffolo M. B., Fantalkin A., Lemos I. S., Felsch R. C. S., Niemeier W.-D., Sanders G. D. R., Finkelstein I., Boaretto E. Towards an absolute chronology for the Aegean Iron Age : New radiocarbon dates from Lefkandi, Kalapodi and Corinth. PLOS One 8 (12) : e83117.

Toffolo M. B., Klein E., Elbaum R., Aja A. J., Master D. M., Boaretto E. An early Iron Age assemblage of faience beads from Ashkelon, Israel : chemical composition and manufacturing process. Journal of Archaeological Science 40 (10) : 3626-3635.

Toffolo M., Maeir A. M., Chadwick, J. R., Boaretto E. Characterization of contexts for radiocarbon dating : results from the early Iron Age at Tell es-Safi/Gath, Israel. Radiocarbon 54 (3-4) : 371-390.

Finkelstein I., Ben Dor Evian S., Boaretto E., Cabanes D., Cabanes M.-T., Eliyahu-Behar A., Faigenbaum S., Gadot Y., Langgut D., Martin M., Meiri M., Namdar D., Sapir-Hen L., Shahack-Gross R., Shaus A., Sober B., Toffolo M., Yahalom-Mack N., Zapassky L., Weiner S. Reconstructing Ancient Israel : Integrating Macro- and Micro-archaeology. Hebrew Bible and Ancient Israel 1 (1) : 133-150.

Book chapters

Toffolo M. Studio micromorfologico del focolare. Settore 3. In Saggioro F. (ed.), Nogara. Archeologia e storia di un villaggio medievale (Scavi 2003-2008). Rome : Bretschneider, 101-106.

Piuzzi F., Toffolo M. Analisi degli alzati. In Gelichi S., Piuzzi F., Cianciosi A. (eds.), “Sachuidic presso Forni Superiore”. Ricerche archeologiche in un castello della Carnia. Florence : Edizioni all’Insegna del Giglio, 109-126.

Toffolo M., Berna F. Analisi micromorfologica, FTIR e XRD. In Gelichi S., Piuzzi F., Cianciosi A. (eds.), “Sachuidic presso Forni Superiore”. Ricerche archeologiche in un castello della Carnia. Florence : Edizioni all’Insegna del Giglio, 50-55.